What was the impact of the war on the home front in your country?

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Australia
The war changed how Australian society behaved when news that Japan had started the advance into Asia came, everyone believed that Australia was going to be invaded, and this casued widespread panic. This was worsened when Singapore, which was meant to be a fortress, was defeated by the Japanese and the chance of being invaded increased. Lives were changed for everyone on the homefront of Australia during WWll, in a variety of ways. There were two main attacks in Australia. For both of these attacks, the people were taken by full surprise. The 'Darwin bombing' by the Japanese happened four days after the bombing of Pearl Harbour. This took the people by surprise, with the alarms only ringing seconds before the first bomb. There was no plan for the attack so no one knew what to do. People either hid, or ran away, even some high up commanders fled the scene. The Japanese were bombing the air base and the harbour because they had thought we were going to invade the Dutch East Indies. At the time, the government censored the extent of the damage done to the public, so that no one would panic. Three months after the bombing, Sydney harbour was invaded. At around 4:30 am on the 30th of May 1942, a plane was spotted above Sydney harbour, but no one thought much of it, as they thought it was just a US training drill. But this plane was acually sent by a Japenese submarine. At this time in the harbour there were a lot of very important war ships that were vital for Australia at the time. The night after the plane flew over, there were 3 Japanese submarines sent into the harbour to destroy the ships. The first midget sub was spotted as it got tangled in an anti-submarine net. Shortly after this, the other two subs were almost at the harbour bridge. The siren was sounded and they were spotted. While being captured, the sub fired missiles towards the USS Chicago, it missed and hit another ship, the Kuttabel and killed two young men.

this video shows some images and videos of the australian homefront:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnghqBY7Pig
This video will show images of the Womens Australian Land Army:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wr2ZyubgQE8&feature=endscreen&NR=1
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United States


The United States depended heavily on the mobilization on our home front when WW2 hit, meaning that there was a huge industrial boom ultimately causing us to make a break out of the Great Depression, and made the USA the wealthiest nation after the war was over. The economy expanded quickly during the war, and the Gross National Product (GNP) rose by 15% or more each year. President Roosevelt constructed thousands of planes, and shipped out huge amounts of supplies. These supplies consisted of: 2.5 million trucks, and 50 million pairs of shoes. Government funding subsidized new industries such as electronics, and made others such as rubber and chemicals. Radar, Penicillin, Rocket Engines, and other useful items were used. Government spending rose from 9 to 98 billion dollars from 1949 to 1944. As production became mainly war based, household items such as food, fabrics, and gasoline became scarce and were rationed equally among the peoples. Taxes lifted enormously.
World War II had a great effect on the advancement of women’s place in society. As millions of men went off to war, many jobs were left behind and many families no longer had a source of income. Women began to enter the workforce in huge numbers and in fields that normally were considered men’s work. Between 1940 and 1945, the female percentage of the U.S. workforce increased from 27 percent to nearly 37 percent, and by 1945 nearly one out of every four married women worked outside the home, (www.history.com). Although women were still paid less than men, women's equality was starting to arise. In addition to new careers, some women worked as volunteers serving at the Red Cross or planting “victory gardens.”

WWII, and the aftermath of it, had forced advancement onto farmers and their productivity. The farmers and those who researched agriculture responded to this urge. During this time period, there were a lot of huge changes.
This agricultural boom was caused from the government telling the farmers to increase their production to start supporting the war effort. People who lived in the urban side of town even started growing their own mini-farms called “Victory Gardens.” Farmers were beginning to grow their crops more efficiently, even with less human help available.
When the war was over, some of the technological studies had been switched from making bombs, to learning how to grow crops in a better way. The use of fertilizer, organic and non-organic forms, grew more and more popular very quickly. Some of the new technologies that changed the livestock industry were antibiotics and additives, genetic breeding and advancement in veterinary medicine.

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