How did the government in your country react to the war?

Alexis Petel
Stetson Sundin
Megan Braithwait
Nancy Fitzgerald
Baylee Duncan

World War II started February twenty first 1947
The United States government supported World War II. We joined the war because we were bombed by Japan. Our government didn't need to join the war, but they chose to. When our president at the time, FDR, addressed our nation over radio, he said, “As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.” When the congress voted on whether or not we should join World War II the vote was almost unanimous. We weren’t going to just let other countries attack us without defending ourselves. We were ready to retaliate.
The United States Military had stayed pretty much neutral in the war until the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7th 1941. Their highest priority after that was to defeat the German in Europe, but the War against the Japanese was more urgent after the sunk they main battleship fleet at Pearl Harbor. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz was then based in Hawaii and put in charge of the Central Pacific War against the Japanese. The famous naval battles that happened at the time have made some of the greatest military history. The Pacific war became one of island hopping, so as to move air bases closer and closer to Japan. The Army, based in Australia under General Douglas MacArthur, steadily advanced across New Guinea to the Philippines, with plans to invade the home islands in late 1945. With it's merchant fleet sunk by American submarines, Japan ran short of aviation gasoline and fuel oil, as the U.S. Navy in June 1944 captured islands within bombing range of Tokyo. Strategized bombings helped capture the city of Okinawa in the spring of 1945.
Through the 19th century Europe was the most powerful nation in the world. The British embassy had two messages for the United States government. The first was about Greece. The situation there was critical. Greece had been occupied by Germany during the war. On one side of the fighting was the royal family supported by Britain. On the other side were communist-led rebels supported by Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. Britain's second message that day was about Turkey. Turkey was stronger than Greece. But it, too, might become communist unless it received outside help. For months, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union had been growing worse. The two countries had fought together as allies in the Second World War. But Soviet actions after the war shocked the American people. At the end of the world war, China was a divided nation, and after a brief debate the congress decided to help the Greek and Turkey economy, and soon after that the Greek war ended. But the British who were helping the Greeks and Turkey were falling and something had to be done. There was people starving and cold and the United States government had to do it all. Marshall Plan aid was offered to all countries in Europe. The Soviet Union and its allies refused help, but the plan worked and the production of steel increased by a lot. In the end, the United States helped a lot and people thought that the Marshal Plan was thought to be one of the most successful economical programs in History.

World War Two's start is debated between historians between the years 1937 and 1939. The first killing of Jews within Germany started in 1937 and the first Military action taken by Germany was in 1939, when they invaded Poland. Though by this time, smaller US press companies had already reported violence as early as 1933. The first time the US Government had really started paying any attention to Europe when was New York Times had a post in 1940 about the Reichstag (German parliament)'s prediction on the annihilation of the Jews. Also when many racist posters and stereotypes of the Jews started arising within America the government reacted by tightening immigration laws. These laws were strict and inflexible and more often than not, racist and antisemitism because of the Depression at the time. Most Jewish immigrants or refuges were turned away at the gates, not allowed to reach safety even in the peek of Hitler's rein. The people would start urging the government to do some thing. The first major signs of protest and pleading to the government was when the Jewish lead a march into D.C. The Jews already within the USA marched to ask for the President's audience, after singing the Nation Anthem and praying they were refused because of 'other Presidential business.' After several more attempts from the presses, media, messages of the American Jewish Congress and even the First Lady's plea FDR and Congress finally started to do some thing. It would be a small victory as a few bills were passed loosening the grip of the immigration laws. Though even with this bill, less than 3oo,ooo Jews would be saved from death during WWII.